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Unicorn Jewel

 

 

The Western Unicorn

Herodotus may have been the first mention of the Western unicorn. He wrote, in the 3rd century, of the “horned ass” of Africa.

 

In the 4th century B.C. the Greek historian and physician, Ctesias, traveled to Persia and brought back stories, from merchants who passed through India, of the “wild ass” of India. It was described as being as big as a horse, with a white body, a red head, bluish eyes, and a horn on the forehead. The horn was white on the lower part, black in the middle, and the tip was red. The horn was believed to possess the power to neutralize poison. Ctesias describes the unicorn as being extraordinarily swift of foot, untamable, and almost impossible to capture.

 

The historian Pliny the Elder, during the reign of Tiberius, describes in his “Historia Naturals” the unicorn as a ferocious beast with the body of a horse, the head of a deer, feet of a elephant, tail of a wild boar , and a black horn form its forehead.

 

The Roman Emperor, Julius Caesar, reported seeing a unicorn in the forests of S.W. Germany, the century before Christ. Alexander the Great, in the 3rd century B.C., boasted of riding a unicorn in to battle during one of his conquests.

 

The Bible also makes reference to the unicorn. In the Book of Genesis, Adam had to give everything a name. The Unicorn was the first animal to be named. When Adam and Eve were cast out of Eden, the unicorn went with them and came to represent purity and chastity.

 

The Bible also gives a reason why unicorns haven’t been seen in centuries. Before the 40 days and 40 night flood, Noah gathered 2 of each animal onto the Ark, but the unicorn wouldn’t come. So they were left behind. A Jewish folk tale says that the unicorn was on the ark, but demanded too much space and attention, so Noah cast them out.

 

More Unicorn Information

 

Catching a Unicorn

It is said that in order to catch a unicorn, you need a maiden pure of heart. The maiden must sit quietly in a meadow or forest. The unicorn will come to her and lay his head in her lap. While he is resting you slip a rope around his neck and hope he doesn’t kill the maiden for her treachery.

 

Unicorns in the Sky

In 1624, Jacob Bartsh was the first to mention the constellation Monoceros, the unicorn. The catalog Hevelius (in 1690) gives the details of the 146 stars, visible to the naked eye, in Monoceros. The Milky Way runs thru the middle of this constellation.

 

The Royals

In the late 1300s, King Richard III of Scotland used the inspiration of the unicorn’s strength and purity to rebuild his nation. The unicorn became part of the royal seal.

 

After the death of Queen Elizabeth I, in 1603, Scotland’s King James VI became England’s King James I. Since he was the king of both countries he drew up a new coat-of-arms. It included the traditional Lion of England and the Unicorn of Scotland.

 

Famous Sightings

Adam -Garden of Eden- beginning of time.

Emperor Fu His –China -5,000 years ago

Emperor Huang Di –Emperors Garden in China -2697 B.C.

Confucius –China -551 & 479 B.C.

Ctesias –India -4th century B.C.

Alexander the Great – Asia -3rd century B.C.

Julius Caesar –Germany – 1st century B.C.

Prester John – Asia –middle 1100 A.D.

Genghis Kahn –India –Early 1200 A.D.

 

Modern Times

In the 1300s Dr. w. Franklin manipulated a calf’s horn bud to make it grow a single horn in its forehead. It did prove that an animal could grow a single horn in the forehead. Later, The Ringling Bros. and Barnum Bailey Circus used the same procedure on a goat, Lancelot the living unicorn. This animal was small enough to sit in a maidens lap.

 

Unicorn in other Languages

German- Einkorn

French - Licorne

Latin – Unicornus

Spanish – Unicornio

Italian – Alicorno

Norwegian - Enhjarning

Polish – Jednorozec

Arabic – Karkadann

Japanese – Kirin or Ikkakuju

Chinese – kilin

Greek – Monokeros

Russian – Yedinorog

Finnish – Yksisarvinen

Dutch – Eenhoorn

Lithuanian – Vienaragis

Esperanto – Unukornio

Portuguese - Unicornio

Swedish - Enhörning


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